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Ballet Talk for Dancers
Mel Johnson

HOW TO---Make accents and other special characters

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Mel Johnson

Some people on the board, and some pretty smart ones at that, have asked for an explanation of the "alt" characters, and especially the ones that will be most useful for writing about ballet. It's pretty easy for users who have both a numeric keypad and an "alt" key. Just make sure the keypad has "Num Lock" engaged, and depress the "alt" key. Then using the keypad, type in a three-or-four-digit number and when you release the "alt" key, an alternate character will appear.


The ones you will probably find most useful are:


alt 130 = é

alt 133 = à

alt 138 = è

alt 144 = É

alt 0192 = À

alt 0200 = È

alt 128 = Ç

alt 135 = ç


There are many others, and we have a number of Scandinavian posters, so:


alt 134 = å

alt 0197 = Å

alt 0248 = ø

alt 0216 = Ø


Fractions are useful too:


alt 172 = ¼

alt 171 = ½

alt 0190 = ¾


Degrees (º) is alt 167


Everybody likes money:


alt 155 = ¢

alt 156 = £

alt 157 = ¥

alt 158 = P

alt 159 = ƒ


Any others you'd like, I got plenty!

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Mel Johnson

Yes, but we talk a lot of ballet history here, and I don't think any of us are quite ready yet to convert 1946 ƒ into 2002 Euros. Funny, I have a chart that shows the Euro symbol as alt 15, but I try it and get ¤. I try Skip's version, and I get . Anybody have another insight?


In the meantime, for those of you dancing Middle English ballet:


alt 0240 = ð

alt 0208 = Ð

alt 0222 = Þ

alt 0254 = þ


Those dancing Hobbitish ballet, talk to me in the hall.;)

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Mel Johnson

Hm! Interesting - mine's an IBM running Windows as well. Odd that I can't get the same result that you did.


For those of you who like to spell Carreño:


alt 164 = ñ

alt 165 = Ñ


and if you need an ettsett:


alt 225 = ß


If I try alt 0141, will people understand I mean Euro?



Hey, it worked!:D

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Guest Ari

Yes, the CTRL + ALT + ? is confusing. There's another way to get the same results, and more besides. It's HTML, which this board supports. I use it all the time. The way it works is that you begin with the ampersand (&), then put in the correct code (just a few letters or numbes), and finish with a semicolon ;. All characters run together, no spaces. For example, to get €, you put "euro" inside the "&" and ";". It's hard to give an example here, because if I type in the full code, what will show up is the symbol!


Some examples:




Take a look at this page, it has a full list of signs:



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Mel Johnson

Merry Christmas!


And now, just what you wanted for Christmas - some diareses (umlauts)


alt 132 = ä

alt 137 = ë

alt 139 = ï

alt 148 = ö

alt 129 = ü

alt 152 = ÿ

alt 142 = Ä

alt 0203 = Ë

alt 0207 = Ï

alt 0214 = Ö

alt 0220 = Ü


I still haven't found a capital y-umlaut. Anybody?

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Mel Johnson

alt 131 = â

alt 136 = ê

alt 140 = î

alt 147 = ô

alt 150 = û

alt 0194 = Â

alt 0202 = Ê

alt 0206 = Î

alt 0212 = Ô

alt 0219 = Û


And for those of you who adjust your alignment in very small increments:


alt 230 = µ


Or for those of you who are more approximate:


alt 241 = ±

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Mel Johnson

alt 141 = ì

alt 149 = ò

alt 0245 = õ

alt 151 = ù

alt 0253 = ý

alt 0204 = Ì

alt 0210 = Ò

alt 0217 = Ù

alt 0211 = Ó

alt 0221 = Ý

alt 0213 = Õ


And for somewhat older dancers, who dance in Latin:


alt 145 = æ

alt 146 = Æ

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Guest Pamela Moberg

That was a great help, thanks a lot! One sign missing though, in Swedish we have an "a" with a ring above. If I write Danish I do it in Danish of course, "aa". Like in "Aalborg" or "Aarhus" (Danish cities). But on the computer I just have to make it into an "a".

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Mel Johnson

Oh, I've got that!:)


alt 134 = å

alt 143 = Å

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Mel Johnson



© Ballet Alert 2003 All Rights Reserved?


alt 0174 = ®


alt 0169 = ©

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It's been a while, but someone was asking about Y with umlaut. I have it as Alt + 0221

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Mel Johnson

A note to laptop users without a keypad: Look at the nearest rank of keys to you, the one that starts on the left with "ctrl". You should find a key there marked "fn" (function) and further along that same rank, the "alt" key. Pushing the "fn" and "alt" keys together converts part of the alpha keyboard to a numeric keypad, so you can use the above "alt" characters! :(


fn+alt + m = 0

" " " " j = 1

" " " " k = 2

" " " " l = 3

" " " " u = 4

" " " " i = 5

" " " " o = 6

" " " " 7 = 7

" " " " 8 = 8

" " " " 9 = 9

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For pink tights and any other Mac users--


Use the OPTION key to type accented characters by holding down the Option key and the following key at the same time, then releasing and typing the letter you want to accent:


à Option and ~, then a or A


â Option and i, then a or A


ç Option and c, then c or C


é Option and e, then e or E


ê Option and i, then e or E


ë Option and u, then e or E


è Option and ~, then e or E


î Option and i, then i or I


ï Option and u, then i or I


ô Option and i, then o or O


ö Option and u, then o or O


ú Option and e, then u or U


û Option and i, then u or U


ü Option and u, then u or U


That takes care of all of the french accents and most of the spanish. To make ñ, use option and n, then n or N. Inverted punctuation marks--option and 1 will make this: ¡ (inverted exclamation), and option and shift and ? will make this: ¿


I think that covers it! Happy accenting.

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I found a new way (for me, it's much quicker to learn this way) to put accent in French terms.


For an é,á, ó accents (accent to the right), I type CTRL + the accent (for me, it's right under the @ sign) and then, the letter you want accentuated. In my example, e, a and o.

You then type a space for it to actually work 'live'.


For an À è à etc, hold down CTRL and use the accent to the left (situated on the left handside of 1 on my QWERTY keyboard) and type the letter to accentuate.


In the same way, you can use the ~ sign above # for an accentuated n in Spanish or a coma for the ç (again, hold CTRL, then coma, then release and type c and space).


For the ^ , use the sign above 6 (for me, this one doesn't work).


You'll have to check and see if it works and probably experiement a bit.

I think that for most people, it will work in Word; it may not work here directly though (you'll have to copy and paste your text, but you should anyway, just in case it gets deleted by mistake). :)


Hope this helps... :rolleyes:

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Mel Johnson

alt 0174 = ®

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